In this paper an extensive introduction to reverse micellar properties is given. It is shown that reverse micelles can be used as microreactors to produce either well-defined nanosized crystallites or chemically modified enzymes. Solubilization of macromolecules induces either the gelation of droplets or a percolation process followed by a phase transition. In the latter case this could favor the extraction of product reactions catalyzed by enzymes. Finally, a summary gives some prospective aspects of the use of such water-in-oil droplets.
Source : Reverse micelles : a microreactors. M.P. Pileni. J. Phys.Chem., 1993, 97, 6961-6974.