Very few studies concern water-soluble nanocrystals self-assembled in crystalline 3D superlattices called supracrystals. Furthermore, the control of the crystalline structure of nanocrystals known as nanocrystallinity has not been yet achieved with water-soluble nanocrystals. Here we produce, selectively, 5 nm Au single-domain (SD) and polycrystalline (POLY) water-soluble nanocrystals. These nanocrystals self-assembled in face-centered-cubic (fcc) supracrystals. The supracrystal stiff ness evolves with the nanocrystallinity, the nanocrystal surface charge, as well as the stericeff ect of the coating agent. The optical properties of SD and POLY nanoparticles and those of the related supracrystals are also presented. In addition, a nanocrystallinity segregation event was observed upon drying-assisted self-assembly of aqueous stoichiometric mixtures of SD and POLY NCs, as in the case of their hydrophobic counterparts.
Source : Hydrophilic Gold Supracrystals Differing by the Nanoparticle Crystalline Structure. S. Mourdikoudis, A. Çolak, I. Arfaoui, and M.P Pileni J. Phys. Chem. C, 2017, 121, 10670−10680